Losing your job without a new position lined up can be devastating on many levels. Sometimes losing your job can end up being for the best, but in the moment, a job loss can rock your confidence and cause stress.
Money worries will likely be a key source of that stress. Even if you already have an emergency fund, you’ll likely need to make some changes to protect your finances. Here are some steps to help ease the burden of a lost job and take control of your money after a job loss.
If you receive a severance package from your former employer, be sure to review the details closely. Your severance package and last paycheck could be two different things.
Your last paycheck will cover the time you worked from your prior paycheck to your termination date. Depending on the company, it may also include paid time-off benefits, such as vacation and sick days. And some companies include a prorated bonus. Double check that the time and benefits you earned are reflected in your final paycheck.
The severance package will include the paycheck as well as other benefits offered at your former employer’s discretion. While additional severance pay is not required by the Fair Labor Standards Act, some companies provide it either in a lump sum or as a continuation of your salary for a time. They may also extend use of company equipment and wellness benefits or provide access to career search tools.
If you lost your job through no personal fault (like a company-wide layoff) and you meet your state’s requirements, you may be eligible for unemployment benefits. The purpose of unemployment benefits is to partially replace lost wages, so if you’re eligible, you shouldn’t shy away from applying. Note that if you are receiving severance pay, it may delay your eligibility.
Many states offer online applications that could speed up processing and get benefits to you faster. Required information can vary by state, but could include:
While you look to replace your income, see where you can cut back on your budget. Review your expenses and adjust where you can to protect your savings. If you have an emergency fund, you might need to tap it to help cover regular expenses after losing your job.
If you’re struggling with debt repayment, explore whether any federal, state or lender relief programs are available, including mortgage relief programs, credit card hardship plans or credit counseling.
If you have an employer-sponsored retirement plan associated with your former company, you’ll need to decide what to do with it. You generally have four options for your old 401(k):
There are pros and cons to each option, so you may want to consider talking with a financial professional to provide guidance on how to allocate assets in your account.
Fortunately, the loss of a job doesn’t always mean an immediate loss of health insurance coverage. The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) requires continuation coverage be offered to employees after termination for reasons other than misconduct or a reduction in the number of hours of employment.
COBRA coverage lasts either 18 or 36 months, depending on the qualifying event. Even if you qualify for COBRA coverage, you should consider all your available insurance options. You may be able to find more appropriate or affordable coverage options from another source, such as the Health Insurance Marketplace.
If it’s been years since you searched for a job, this can feel intimidating. Taking it step by step will help it feel less overwhelming.
While losing your job can disrupt your daily rhythm, it doesn’t have to disrupt your finances. A proactive approach to job loss may lighten your stress when you’re wondering what to do when you lose your job and help you feel more in control of your future.
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*A rollover of qualified plan assets into an IRA is not your only option. Before deciding whether to keep assets in your current employer's plan, to roll assets to a new employer's plan, to take a cash distribution or to roll assets into an IRA, clients should be sure to consider potential benefits and limitations of all options. These include total fees and expenses, range of investment options available, penalty-free withdrawals, availability of services, protection from creditors, RMD planning, and taxation of employer stock. Discuss rollover options with your tax advisor for tax considerations.