Consider engaging with your tax and financial professionals to do an income tax projection prior to tax season.
One of the easiest ways to reduce your income tax liability is to reduce your taxable income. Find ways to increase contributions to retirement and health savings accounts, if you’re able.
Other tips include minimizing capital gains on investments and exploring different charitable giving strategies.
Tax planning isn’t a once-a-year-activity. In fact, thoughtful planning year-round can help you reduce your tax liabilities come April.
Being proactive can help you maximize your benefits and minimize any tax time surprises. Following are six ways to plan for tax season throughout the year – so you’ll be in good shape when you file.
The best thing to do prior to year-end is an income tax projection. Through that process, potential surprises might show up.
One of the most important steps to take is figuring out where your taxes stand before it’s too late to make changes.
Having a projection of your potential income tax ahead of time gives you more breathing room. It can help you plan more effectively for the upcoming tax season and find ways to reduce your tax burden. Ask your tax professional to do the projection and go over the results with your financial professional.
One of the easiest ways to reduce your income tax liability is to reduce your taxable income. You can defer your tax liability — or eliminate it entirely — when you make qualifying contributions to specific financial vehicles, such as:
All 401(k) contributions must be made by December 31. You can make contributions to IRAs and HSAs up to the tax deadline each year.
A capital gain refers to selling something for more than you spent on it, such as stocks. The federal government charges you for this profit with what are called “capital gain taxes.” There are several techniques you can use to reduce your tax burden on your investments:
Make the most of the annual gift tax exclusion, which is the amount of money you can gift to an individual per year, tax free. You can currently transfer $16,000 to an individual without any gift tax implication, and you don’t have to be related. A couple can also collectively gift up to $32,000 to an individual this year, and you’re free to make gifts year after year to multiple people.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) more than doubled the gift tax lifetime exemption, which is the total amount of money you’re allowed to gift over your lifetime, tax-free. The exemption is currently $12.06 million per individual and $24.12 million for a married couple filing jointly.
However, the current exemption amount sunsets in 2025, reverting to pre-TCJA levels. The cap on estate transfers will drop from $12.06 million per individual to about $6.2 million (adjusted for inflation).
Tax deductible donations can reduce your taxable income, which is one tangible benefit of charitable giving. To claim these donations, you’ll need to itemize your deductions at tax time. However, the current standard deduction may cause you to think twice about donating to your favorite causes.
To make the most of your donations and increase your tax savings, you may want to use a “bunching” strategy. With bunching, you replace several years of smaller donations with a large donation in a single tax year. This allows you to benefit from itemizing your deductions and claiming the tax benefit of your contribution.
Another option to consider is setting up a donor-advised fund. You can make a single, “bunched” donation while instructing the fund to spread your contribution to a charity of your choice over a period of several years. Note that you only get a tax deduction for the year in which you make the gift.
If you’re taking required minimum distributions on retirement funds, you have an option available to you in the form of qualified charitable contributions (QCDs). Instead of taking those distributions as cash, funnel some or all of that distribution directly to a charitable organization. You’ll get to enjoy both the high standard deduction and have your donated distribution taken directly off the top of your taxable income.
A financial professional can help you see how different aspects of your finances (e.g., taxes, investments, and charitable giving) can work together to help you work toward your goals.
Share your vision and take full advantage of their expertise. With a little preparation, you can be more strategic about your taxes year-round.
Learn how our approach to wealth planning can help you see a full view of your financial picture.
Qualified charitable distributions and gifts of appreciated stocks offer prime opportunities to enhance your giving and achieve greater tax savings.
Tax planning and preparation doesn’t have to be confusing. These resources can help you maximize your benefits as you work with your tax preparer.