Nacha ACH Rule Changes

ACH payment requirements continue to evolve. Your U.S. Bank Treasury Management partner can help you learn about key changes to ACH payments so you can be prepared for what’s next.

Key resources for keeping up to date with Nacha rule changes:
https://www.nacha.org/content/ach-rules-resources-corporates

Questions?

Email us: commercialsupport@usbank.com

2022 ACH rule changes

Increasing the Same Day ACH Dollar Limit

Effective March 18, 2022

This rule change will continue to expand the capabilities of Same Day ACH. The per transaction dollar limit will be increased to $1 million dollars on the effective date.

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Third-Party Sender Roles and Responsibilities

Effective September 30, 2022


This rule change will clarify the roles and responsibilities of third-party senders in the ACH network. The rule change addresses the practice of using nested third-party senders, and explicitly requires the third-party sender to conduct a risk assessment.

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Supplementing Data Security Requirements (Phase 2)

Effective June 30, 2022 – Phase 2

High volume ACH originators who originate over two million items annually across all their origination banks must protect bank account numbers by rendering them unreadable when stored electronically. These originators will need to review and potentially update their data security efforts to be in compliance by June 30, 2022.

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Micro-Entries

Phase 1 - September 16, 2022

Phase 2 - March 17, 2023

This Rule will define and standardize practices and formatting of Micro-Entries, which are used by some ACH Originators as a method of account validation.

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2021 ACH rule changes

Supplementing Fraud Detection Standards for WEB Debits

Implemented March 19, 2021

If you originate ACH debits using the WEB SEC code, you are required to validate account information for new transactions and modifications to existing transactions that are originated on March 19, 2021 or later. The rule change does not require a specific validation method be used. Some examples of possible validation methods are prenotes, micro-deposits or validation services offered through partnerships with third parties. Please contact your Treasury Management Sales Consultant for additional information on the account validation options available at U.S. Bank.

Important Update: On Oct. 19, 2020, Nacha published ACH Operations Bulletin #7 to address COVID-19 relief for the ACH network. In the bulletin, Nacha confirmed that they will not enforce the Supplementing Fraud Detection Standards rule for an additional period of one year from the effective date, with respect to covered entities that are working in good faith toward compliance, but that require additional time to implement solutions. Nacha strongly encourages all such covered entities to work towards compliance as soon as possible. Please contact your Treasury Management Sales Consultant for additional information on the account validation options available at U.S. Bank.

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Limitation on Warranty Claims

Effective June 30, 2021

This rule change establishes a time limit in which a receiving bank can make a claim against the originating banks authorization warranty. This will provide a specific limitation to how long an originated item can be charged back due to the receiver claiming it wasn’t authorized.

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Meaningful Modernization

Effective September 17, 2021

The Meaningful Modernization rule change consists of five amendments that improve the ACH user experience by facilitating the adoption of new technologies and channels for the authorization and initiation of ACH entries.

The five new rules will be:

  • More explicitly define standing authorizations for ACH debits
  • Allow for oral authorizations beyond the traditional phone call
  • Clarify ACH authorization standards across payment initiation channels
  • Reduce the burdens associated with providing proof of authorizations
  • Facilitate the use of electronic and oral Written Statements of Unauthorized Debit

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Expanding Same-Day ACH Processing Window

Implemented March 19, 2021

This new rule expanded access to Same Day ACH by allowing Same Day ACH transactions to be submitted to the ACH Network for an additional two hours every business day.

Contact your U.S. Bank Relationship Manager or Treasury Management partner to sign up for Same Day ACH or for more information including best practices, a checklist and frequently asked questions.

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Supplementing Data Security Requirements

Effective June 30, 2021

High volume ACH originators who originate over six million items annually across all their origination banks must protect bank account numbers by rendering them unreadable when stored electronically. These originators will need to review and potentially update their data security efforts to be in compliance by June 30, 2021. In 2022, all originators who originate over two million items annually will be required to protect bank account numbers in the same manner. These originators must be in compliance by June 30, 2022.

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Reversals and Enforcement

Effective June 30, 2021

The Reversals rule change establishes that the initiation of reversals or reversing entries can only be done for reasons outlined as permissible under the ACH rules. The Reversals rule also explicitly defines specific examples where the initiation of a reversal would be improper, such as reversing payroll transactions due to the Originator or Third-Party Sender failing to fund the entries.

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